Hierapolis (Greek: Ἱεράπολις ‘sacred city’) is an ancient city located near Pamukkale (Denizli). In the information given by the ancient geographers Strabo and Ptolemaios, it is claimed that Hierapolis was a Phrygian city with its proximity to the cities of Laodikeia and Tripolis, which border the Caria region. Although the information about the establishment of the city is limited; During the Kingdom of Pergamon II. It is known that it was founded by Eumenes at the beginning of the 2nd century BC and named Hierapolis because of the Amazons queen Hiera, the wife of Telephos, the legendary founder of Pergamon. Hierapolis maintained its original texture by adhering to Hellenistic urbanization principles until the great earthquake in 60 AD during the reign of Roman Emperor Nero.